Q & A

1. How Much Bulk/Bagged Material Do I Need?

Volume Layer Thickness >Square Foot Coverage
2/3 yard (one scoop with smallest bucket) 2" 107
2/3 3" 72
2/3 4" 54
2/3 6" 36
2 yds 2" 324
2 3" 216
2 4" 162
2 6' 108
Bag Equivalent:
Bark Mulch available in 3 cu. Ft. bags 9 bags = 1 cubic yard 1 cubic yard = 27 cu. ft.
6 bags = 2/3 cubic yards 2/3 cubic yards = 18 cu. ft.
Topsoil available in 1 cu. Ft bags 27 bags = 1 cubic yard 18 bags = 2/3 cubic yards
  1 bag = 20 qts = .67 cubic feet
@ 27 bags = 2/3 cubic yards @ 41 bags = 1 cubic yard
Moo Doo Composted Manure 1 bag = 34 qts = .88 cubic feet
@ 21 bags = 2/3 cubic yards @ 31 bags = 1 cubic yard

2. How Much Seed Do I Need?

Sun & Shade Mix 4 lbs/1000 sq. ft.
Conservation Mix 5 lbs/1000 sq. ft.

3. Fertilizing: When and How Much?

Note that these are generic rates. It is highly recommended that you have your soil tested to determine the exact amount of fertilizer or lime needed. Rates may vary depending on the fertilizer, plant type, soil conditions and age and size of the plant and or garden bed.

Fertilize lawns and perennial gardens at least twice a year; vegetables and roses once a month through the growing season ( Late April to Mid-Sept.) and annuals once with a granular slow release fertilizer incorporated in the soil and once a week with a liquid fertilizer.

Fertilizer Brand/Type Application Site/Purpose Rate of Application
Pro Gro 5-3-4 Lawns 25 lbs/1000 sq. ft.
Vegetables 15- 20 lbs/1000 sq. ft.
Perennials 20 lbs/1000 sq. ft.
Trees 1 lb/ 2 ft. crown diameter
Grapes 15 lbs/1000 sq. ft.
Pro Holly Blueberries 1 lb/ plant per 3 ft. of bush height
Raspberries 15 lbs/1000 sq. ft.
Holly Tone Evergreens, Blueberries, Rhododendrons 1 lb/inch trunk diameter
1 cup/foot branch spread
New Beds: 10 lbs/100 sq ft in top 4"
Established Beds: 5 lbs/100 sq ft 5"
Garden Tone Vegetables 3.5 lbs/50 sq. ft.
Singles: 1/3 cup per plant
Rows: 1 1/3 cup per each side of 5 ft
Tomato Tone Tomatoes Rows: 1 cup per each side of 5 ft. row
Singles: 3 tbs/plant
Rose Tone Roses New Plants: ¾ cup
Singles: 1 ¼ cup
Beds: 6 lbs/100 sq. ft.
Flower Tone Annuals & Perennials Singles: ¼ cup
Beds: 4 lbs/80 sq ft.
Lime Lawns, Vegetable & Perennial Gardens 10 lbs/1000 sq. ft.
* To Lower Soil pH by 1 point: Rate = weight/1000 sq. ft
Sandy Soil Clay Soil
Sulfur 10 lbs 20 lbs
Aluminum Sulfate 70 lbs 140 lbs
Gypsum 50 lbs 100 lbs

4. How to Plant Shrubs, Trees & Perennials?

Dig the hole TWICE as WIDE as the pot and the SAME DEPTH as the pot. Loosen the roots if necessary and place plant in the hole. Unless this is a new bed prepared with excellent topsoil and compost, mix the dug soil with compost (1/3 – ½ ratio) and press back into the hole around the root ball, making sure to tamp soil. Mix the fertilizer in the hole with the soil at the root depth or broadcast on surface around the stem/trunk. Water thoroughly.

5. How to Care for Your Plants?

Annuals & Hanging Baskets: We add slow release fertilizer to the soil when we pot up the plants but annuals are heavy feeders. Once a week through September feed them with a liquid fertilizer like Miracle-Gro or Jack’s Classic. Long durations of rain can leach nutrients out of the container and long durations of high temperatures can volatize the nutrients. Container plants require more frequent watering, at least once a day and even on overcast days. Prune/deadhead to maintain a fresh look.

Vegetables & Herbs: Fertilize the soil at the time of planting and add compost to soil around plant unless the complete bed has been prepared with new compost. Watering is key to survival. Daily watering may be required for a few weeks, and then every other day unless we experience hot, dry weather and then you will need to irrigate daily. Fertilize once a month. I like to add fish emulsion/kelp extract to tomatoes, eggplant and peppers when they start setting fruit or seaweed compost to the base of the plant. This can reduce calcium end rot.

Herbs do not require a lot of fertilizer. Compost and slow release fertilizer in the beginning of the growing season should be sufficient. Frequent cutting/pinching of herbs will result in lush, productive plants.

Perennials, Shrubs & Trees: For spring and summer plantings fertilize with an all-purpose, or tree fertilizer at planting and then mid-summer. Fertilize with a phosphate-based fertilizer in the fall. For fall plantings fertilize with a phosphate-based fertilizer only and then resume regular fertilizers in the spring.

Watering is the key factor to plant survival. Do not plant a live product and leave for two weeks and except it to survive! Plan on watering daily for at least two – three weeks and then every other day for the rest of the summer, unless we get heavy downpours. However new plantings will require the investment of watering all summer and into fall for the first year. Mulch around plants helps control weeds and retain water but remember not to mound the bark mulch around stems and trunks. This can smother the plants and lead to stem rot or bark diseases, thus slowly killing your plants. Routinely deadhead spent blossoms to encourage more shoot and root growth of the perennials. Prune flowering shrubs. Spring flowering shrubs should be pruned immediately following blossom time.

6. Disease & Pest Problems?

Disease and pests plague plants each season and differ year to year depending on the weather conditions. We do not encourage the use of strong chemicals but we do sell some biological controls that can help alleviate some problems. Photos and samples are great ways to help identify diseases and pests, however PLEASE BRING SAMPLES IN SEALED CLEAR ZIPLOC BAGS to avoid transferring the problems…! Some diseases may not be easily diagnosed and may need further analysis. The University of New Hampshire Cooperative Extension Plant Diagnostic Lab is an excellent source for testing.

In cases where disease persists remove all the leaves and stem and if necessary the plant and soil surrounding the plant. DO NOT COMPOST the material. Seal in bag and dispose of in trash. Sanitize your tools between each cut and sanitize your gloves.